Collectionner la Croix de Guerre française Collection des souvenirs de la Grande Guerre à l’occasion du centenaire. Ribbon devices indicate the importance or degree of the soldier's role during the action cited. Buy It Now. New Listing Grèce: Croix de Guerre 1916-1917. Staff Sergeant Henry James Brasier, Mons Star, DCM, MM, Lieutenant Charles B. Cleary is a member of Battery F, 7th Field Artillery, Corporal Henry John Kohn 6th Australian Infantry, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 21:57. Croix de guerre dite « Giraud » Sans nul doute l’année 2014 a connu un regain d’intérêt pour les objets liés à la guerre 1914-18. On every medal and ribbon, there is at least one ribbon device, either in the shape of a palm or of a star, and fashioned from either bronze, silver or silver-gilt (vermeil). It hangs from a 37 mm wide green silk moiré ribbon with seven narrow 1,5 mm wide vertical red stripes evenly spaced and two 1 mm red edge stripes.[2]. Pour en acquérir une d'époque, il y en a en vente sur www.ebay.fr Cordialement. C $10.16. La croix de guerre est une décoration militaire instituée en 1915 pour récompenser les soldats ayant fait preuve d’une conduite exceptionnelle.Pendant les premiers mois du conflit, en effet, la France ne dispose pas de décoration spécifique pour gratifier et matérialiser les actes de bravoure individuels des soldats. [1], The suspension and service ribbon of the medal has a red background crossed with four green lines in its center.[2]. It is 37 mm wide, Florentine bronze cross pattée, with two crossed swords pointing up between the arms. Ordonnance. From France +C $10.94 shipping. 2. Jusqu’en 2018, chaque année anniversaire est importante pour le collectionneur spécialisé, et les objets de … Civilians and militarized personnel individually cited for a wartime act of gallantry; Automatically to soldiers and civilians not specifically cited for a Croix de guerre but awarded the Légion d'honneur or Médaille militaire for the highest acts of wartime valour and gazetted in the Official Journal of the French Republic; Collectively, to army units, ships or air squadrons; To cities and villages, martyrs of war, destroyed, ravaged or bombed by the enemy (2952 towns received the Croix de guerre 1914–1918, in this case, always awarded with palm). From France +C $8.91 shipping. yes, congratulations this is an original Monnaie de Paris 39-40 Croix de Guerre with the second (and usual) Vichy ribbon. The clasps are awarded for gallantry to any member of the French military or its allies and are, depending on the degree, roughly the equivalent to the U.S. Soon after the outbreak of World War I, French military officials felt that a new military award had to be created. Notable foreign recipients (partial list), Médaille nationale de reconnaissance aux victimes du terrorisme, 2nd Battalions of Light Infantry of Africa, Ribbons of the French military and civil awards, Croix de guerre des Théatres d'Opérations Exterieures, "Communes décorées de la Croix de guerre 1914-1918", Orders, decorations, and medals of France, Regional, departmental and municipal honour medal, Honour medal for civilian personnel of the Defense Ministry, Honour medal of Musical Societies and Choirs, Honour medal of the Judicial Protection of Youth, Honour medal for youth, sports and associative engagements, National Medal of Recognition for victims of terrorism, Defence and Internal Security Volunteer Reservists Medal, Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures, Cross of the resistance volunteer combatant, Commemorative medal of the 1859 Italian Campaign, Commemorative medal of the 1860 China Expedition, Commemorative medal of the Mexico Expedition, Tonkin Expedition commemorative medal (1885), Dahomey Expedition commemorative medal (1892), Madagascar Expeditions commemorative medal, China Expedition commemorative medal (1901), Medal for civilian prisoners, deportees and hostages of the 1914-1918 Great War, Commemorative medal for voluntary service in Free France, Medal for deportation and internment for acts of resistance, Political deportation and internment medal, United Nations operations in Korea commemorative medal, Middle East operations commemorative medal, North Africa Security and Order Operations Commemorative Medal, United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon medal, Medal for the Military Protection of the Territory, Order of Merit of Madagascar and dependencies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Croix_de_guerre_1914–1918_(France)&oldid=991028409, Military awards and decorations of France, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. : The obverse centre medallion bears the relief image of the French Republic in the form of the bust of a young woman wearing a Phrygian capsurrounded by the circular relief inscription RÉPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE (FRENCH REPUBLIC). In the center of the front, is the profile of the French Republic crested by a Phrygian cap. Pre-Owned. The Croix de guerre 1914–1918 (English: War Cross) is a French military decoration, the first version of the Croix de guerre. Croix de guerre 1914-1918. On 18 January 1915, Driant submitted this bill but the name of the military award was renamed to Croix de guerre ("War Cross"). The Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieurs (War Cross for foreign operational theatres), also called the Croix de Guerre TOE for short, is a French military award denoting citations earned in combat in foreign countries. Every Croix de guerre awarded carries at least one citation for gallantry or courage to a member of any rank of the French military or of an allied army. Une décoration née avec la Grande Guerre. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. C $211.04. This type of brown box was used for various other MdP WW2 medals (like the MdP Mérite de l'Afrique noire française). Similarly ribbon emblems of stars and palms are granted to indicate the level of the citation. ... Croix de guerre des Théâtres d'opérations extérieurs. On l'appellera la Croix de guerre, ce sera une croix de bronze clair, à quatre branches, surmontée d'une couronne de lauriers, et suspendue à un ruban vert uni, le vert de la médaille de 1870-1871, débarrassé des rayures noires qui symbolisaient le deuil de l'autre siècle. [1] Battle streamers in the colours of the Croix de guerre 1914-1918 are affixed to the colours of recipient units. The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II. Not knowing how long the war would last, the reverse centre medallion bears the dates 1914–1915, 1914–1916, 1914–1917 and finally 1914–1918. Son avers avait un médaillon central d'un diamètre de 14 mm qui arborait un lion rampant.Le revers est presque identique, le lion étant remplacé par le monogramme royal du roi Albert 1 er. 19,50 EUR. Le nombre de titulaires de la Croix de guerre 1914-1918 n'est connu de personne. The cross is only awarded once and subsequent actions worthy of citations will be limited to additional ribbon devices on the originally received insignia. [1], The cross is suspended by a ring through a suspension loop cast atop the upper cross arm. Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 En 1914, contrairement à la Grande-Bretagne, à l'Allemagne ou à d'autres belligérants, la France ne posséde aucune distinction pour honorer de façon spécifique les actes de bravoure en temps de guerre, la Légion d'Honneur et la Médaille Militaire pouvant, par … Nouveau!! The relative importance of the six possible combinations is detailed below. The cross was worn with the appropriate attachments to signify the singular or multiple awards of the decoration. It is 37 mm wide, Florentine bronze cross pattée, with two crossed swords pointing up between the arms. Croix de guerre … Ribbon bar & streamer of the French Croix de guerre 1939–1945, Ribbons of the French military and civil awards, Croix de guerre des Théatres d'Opérations Exterieures, Orders, decorations, and medals of France, Regional, departmental and municipal honour medal, Honour medal for civilian personnel of the Defense Ministry, Honour medal of Musical Societies and Choirs, Honour medal of the Judicial Protection of Youth, Honour medal for youth, sports and associative engagements, National Medal of Recognition for victims of terrorism, Defence and Internal Security Volunteer Reservists Medal, Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures, Cross of the resistance volunteer combatant, Commemorative medal of the 1859 Italian Campaign, Commemorative medal of the 1860 China Expedition, Commemorative medal of the Mexico Expedition, Tonkin Expedition commemorative medal (1885), Dahomey Expedition commemorative medal (1892), Madagascar Expeditions commemorative medal, China Expedition commemorative medal (1901), Medal for civilian prisoners, deportees and hostages of the 1914-1918 Great War, Commemorative medal for voluntary service in Free France, Medal for deportation and internment for acts of resistance, Political deportation and internment medal, United Nations operations in Korea commemorative medal, Middle East operations commemorative medal, North Africa Security and Order Operations Commemorative Medal, United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon medal, Medal for the Military Protection of the Territory, Order of Merit of Madagascar and dependencies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Croix_de_Guerre_1939–1945&oldid=991320076, Military awards and decorations of France, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 12:58. Depuis la convention de Genève de 1929, les prisonniers de guerre sont protégés par le droit international humanitaire. The total number of devices on a "Croix de guerre" is not limited. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Croix de guerre.. Croix de guerre 1939-1945: Avers: Croix de guerre 1939-1945: Conditions; Décerné par Français : Photo de la Croix de guerre 1914-1918 Française (recto) avec étoiles de bronze, d'argent, de vermeil, palme de bronze. Due to the large extent of the war zone, recipients included various groups: 1. those who fought during the Battle of France 2. those who fought with the French Forces of the Interior 3. those who fought with the Free French Forces 3.1. those who fought on the Western Front, 3.2. those who fought in the Middle East Theater 3.3. those who fought in the Mediterranean Theater 3.4. those who fought in the African campaigns On every Croix de guerre, there is at least one ribbon device, either in the shape of a palm or … At that time, the Citation du jour ("Daily Citation") already existed to acknowledge soldiers, but it was just a sheet of paper. FOURRAGÈRE CROIX DE GUERRE 14/18 1914-1918 1°Guerre Mondiale WW1 avec FERRET OR. The number of ribbon devices on a Croix de guerre is not limited, some awards, especially to ace fighter pilots, had extremely long ribbons with dozens of stars and palms.[1]. Trésors de Paris Redécouvrez les plus beaux édifices de la capitale française ! The lowest degree is represented by a bronze star and the highest degree is represented by a silver palm. The Croix de guerre 1914–1918 (English: War Cross) is a French military decoration, the first version of the Croix de guerre. The lowest degree is represented by a bronze star while the highest degree is represented by a bronze palm:[2]. La croix de guerre 1914-1918 était une croix de Malte perlée large de 40 mm avec deux glaives croisés longs de 37 mm pointant vers le haut entre ses bras et frappée de bronze. (Quoted in the order in which the regiment of the brigade, division, army corps and the military). The obverse centre medallion bears the relief image of the French Republic in the form of the bust of a young woman wearing a Phrygian cap surrounded by the circular relief inscription RÉPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE (FRENCH REPUBLIC). 8 bids. Cette médaille reprend le modèle de la Croix de guerre 1914-1918 avec un avers représentant la tête de la République orné de lauriers, une l'inscription « République Française » et un revers, qui porte uniquement – à cette époque - la date de « 1939 ». The cross was designed by the sculptor Paul-Albert Bartholomé. English: Photo of the Croix de guerre 1914-1918 French (front) with bronze stars, silver, gilt, bronze palm. Soldiers who actively took part as members of units during repeated feats of arms recognized by more than one collective award of the Croix de guerre may continue to wear the fourragère even after leaving the meritorious unit. The cross was designed by the sculptor Paul-Albert Bartholomé. Les prisonniers de guerre . Not knowing how long the war would last, the reverse centre medallion bears the dates 1914–1915, 1914–1916, 191… Basic On the reverse of the medal are the dates of the conflict : 1939–1940, 1939–1945, or simply 1940. Croix de Guerre 1939-45 The War Cross 1939-45 Instituted 26th September 1939 to award individual and group mention in dispatch citations in a similar manner as the Great War Croix de Guerre. livraison: ... Fourragère Réglo Croix de Guerre T.O.E TOE Ferret OR Armée française & Légion . La croix de guerre 1914-1918 est une décoration militaire française attribuée pour récompenser l'octroi d'une citation par le commandement militaire pour conduite exceptionnelle au cours de la … 39,99 EUR. Croix de guerre 1939-1945 Française.jpg 280 × 600 ; 53 Kio Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 ribbon.svg 218 × 60 ; 486 octet Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with palm (France) - ribbon bar.png 218 × 60 ; 7 Kio The lowest degree is represented by a bronze star and the highest degree is represented by a bronze palm. Croix de guerre 1914-1918 avec citations et la fourragère en modèle réduit sur le ruban. Décorés []. >medailles, insignes, fanions > - medailles decorations et ordres francaises > croix de guerre 1914-1918 avec 1 palme pour une citation a l'ordre de l'armee en boite carton After parliamentary discussions, the bill was adopted on 2 April 1915.[1]. livraison: + 5,30 EUR livraison . World War I began in 1914 and ended in 1918, so the final name adopted is "Croix de guerre 1914–1918". Les événements de la période 1939-1945 entraînent la création de plusieurs croix de guerre. It was created to recognize French and allied soldiers who were cited for valorous service during World War I, similar to the British mentioned in dispatches but with multiple degrees equivalent to other nations' decorations for courage. Only the Médaille Militaire and Legion of Honour were bestowed for courage in the field, due to the numbers now involved, a new decoration was required in earnest. Bronze Star and Silver Star or UK Military Cross and Military Medal. At the end of 1914, General Boëlle, Commandant in Chief of the French 4th Army Corps, tried to convince the French administration to create a formal military award. 3. Émile Driant, a parliamentarian who served in the war zone during much of this time, became its natural spokesman when he returned to the legislature. Nous serons de retour avec un site tout neuf, très bientôt ! The Croix de guerre 1914-1918 was attributed to: Soldiers who were/are members of units recognized by a collective unit award of the Croix de guerre may wear the Fourragère of the Croix de guerre 1914-1918 as long as they remain members of that unit. En frappant "Croix de guerre 1914-1918" ou "Croix de guerre 1939-1945" (selon la date d'attribution à votre grand père) sur Google, vous obtiendrez la réponse à vos recherches sur Wikipédia. Croix de Guerre, (French: “War Cross”), French military decoration created in 1915 and 1939 to reward feats of bravery, either by individuals or groups, in the course of the two World Wars. Les Schtroumpfs Schtroumpfez cette nouvelle collection ! 20,00 EUR. Mais une ordonnance du 7 janvier 1944rétablit la croix de guerre instituée en 1939, tous les autres insignes étant suspendus. La croix de guerre des Théâtres d'opérations extérieurs est une décoration française, conférée aux militaires et aux civils qui ont obtenu, pour fait de guerre, une ou plusieurs citations individuelles au cours d’opérations exécutées sur des théâtres d’opérations extérieurs depuis le 11 novembre 1918. The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II. Around this portrait, are the words République française ("French Republic"). La croix de guerre créée pour les membres de la LVF a été annulée par arrêté gouvernement provisoire de la République française (GPRF) du 28 octobre 1944. Time left 18h 27m left. L’association nationale des croix de guerre et de la valeur militaire (ANCGVM) est l'association nationale française, fondée en 1919 à la fin de la Première Guerre mondiale pour rassembler dans un même esprit « croix de guerre ». 288 - Croix de guerre française "1939-1945" avec 1 citation, encadrée avec une représentation au pastel de l'insigne du 15° régiment d'infanterie alpine et de soldats au front, sous titré "Combat d'Ornesviller du 7 Mars 1940", signé Durand 1941. Neuf soldats noirs du 369 e régiment d'infanterie de l'armée américaine (Harlem Hellfighters) décorés nominativement de la Croix de guerre 1914-1918 pour bravoure au combat. En novembre 1939, la Croix-Rouge française est chargée par le gouvernement des relations avec l'Agence centrale de renseignements sur les prisonniers de guerre instituée par le CICR. The Cross for Military Valour (French: Croix de la Valeur Militaire) is a military decoration of France.It recognises an individual bestowed a Mention in Dispatches earned for showing valour in presence of an enemy, in theatres of operations which are not subject to the award of the Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures (Cross of War for Foreign Theatres of Operations). Bel ancienne Médaille Militaire Française croix de guerre . Croix de guerre 1914-1918 française.jpg 336 × 720; 175 KB Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 ribbon.svg 218 × 60; 445 bytes Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with palm.jpg 679 × 185; 9 KB DEC5145 - CROIX DE GUERRE 1914-1917 - 3 citations. La Croix-Rouge française, ce sont plus de 57 000 bénévoles et 18 000 salariés présents sur l’ensemble du territoire national.Auxiliaire des pouvoirs publics dans ses missions humanitaires, la Croix-Rouge française mène un combat de tous les instants pour soulager la souffrance sous toutes ses formes. The medal is 37 mm in size and is in the shape of a Maltese cross with two swords criss-crossed through the center. 1. Due to the large extent of the war zone, recipients included those who fought during, with, at, or in the following:[1], The Croix de guerre was designed by the sculptor Paul-Albert Bartholomé. [1], On 23 December 1914, the French parliamentarian Georges Bonnefous proposed a legislative bill to create the Croix de la Valeur Militaire ("Cross of Military Valour") signed by 66 other parliamentarians. Quand la guerre de 1914 éclate, il n’existe en France que deux décorations déjà anciennes récompensant les actes de courage et de vaillance des milit Maurice Barrès, the noted writer and parliamentarian for Paris, gave Boëlle support in his efforts.